Principle #1: Content and Pedagogical Knowledge
The candidate understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s) he or she teaches and can create learning experiences that make these aspects of subject matter meaningful for students.
Principle #2: Knowledge of the Learner
The candidate understands how children learn and develop and can provide learning opportunities that support their intellectual, social and personal development.
Principle #3: Inclusive Practice
The candidate understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.
Principle #4: Instructional Strategies
The candidate understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students' development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.
Principle #5: Learning Environment
The candidate uses an understanding of individual and group motivation and behavior to create a learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation.
Principle #6: Instructional Delivery
The candidate uses knowledge of effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the classroom.
Principle #7: Instructional Planning
The candidate plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, and curriculum goals.
Principle #8: Assessment
The candidate understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure the continuous intellectual, social, and physical development of the learner.
Principle #9: Reflective Practice
The candidate is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effects of his/her choices and actions on others (students, parents, and other professionals in the learning community) and who actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.
Principle #10: Professional Practice
The candidate fosters relationships with school colleagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community to support students' learning and well-being.