DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.

Lynette Williams

Prof. Vashti Anderson

English 150-050



Final Essay

           Knowledge is power.  Instead of living under the shadow of myth and misunderstanding, know your own realistic level of risks.  Researchers are underway to find the cause of breast cancer and to determine ways to prevent it.  Breast cancer testing should continue at age 40, because it offers a better chance of catching this disease in its infancy, especially for “high risk” people.

          Breast cancer is a malignant tumor which develops from one cell of the breast.  Many people know someone who has breast cancer, and it bothers them to know they can develop it too.  Right now people want to know and do everything possible to reduce the risk of getting this dreadful disease, and sadly women are much more likely than men to have breast cancer.  Researchers however, are still working finding the cause and cure for breast cancer.  They are viewing the internal and external makeup of the body.  The “internal makeup” mean we in our inner bodies that can trigger health problems like genetics (genes from the parents), hormones, illnesses, thoughts and feelings.  The “external make up” refers to things found outside the body that can hamper our health, like water, air, food, noise, music, stress, and medication.  Many of these can increase or reduce risk of developing breast cancer.  Anything that increases one’s chance of developing the disease is called a “risk factor”, and anything that reduces that risk is called a “protective Factor.”  (Breast cancer.org)

     In recent years, many women were not as knowledge as they are today on the risks of breast cancer, and as a result, many died because they were not adequately educated.  Today, women all over the world are becoming more aware and are taking the best precautionary measures in preventing this disease.  I strongly recommend that women educate and protect themselves by continuing to take their annual mammograms beginning at age 40, and not 50 as mandated especially for those that are at higher risk.

       In an article, Susan G. Komen  “For the Cure”, Dr Dara Richardson-Heron respond to reports  from the  United States Preventive Services Task Force  (USPSTF) breast  health report she recommends that “women of average risk  should continue to have  their annual mammogram at age 40-49 as well as over 50”.  This would indeed help to reduce their chances of developing breast cancer early detection.   It is very important for women to educate themselves by doing self-breast examination every month or be examined by a physician for the detection of any lumps or abnormalities.  Every woman by taking these steps, any abnormalities can be detected and treated with urgency by getting medical attention necessary.  New guidelines are in place for women who qualify for screening but this seems to be an issue because of the lack of access, education or awareness.  This issue needs to be addressed if improvements are to be made towards the fight against breast cancer.

         Even though promising research developments are made yearly researchers are yet to determine or establish effective ways of preventing this disease.  Researchers are yet to identify screening tools which would be more sensitive and more specific than monogram.  However, women are encouraged to continue breast self awareness and mammogram screening.

          Breast Cancer. Org draws strong responses from breast screening guidelines and strongly disagrees with breast cancer screening recommendations proposed by doctors and argues that it is not accurate and eventually the result maybe flawed.  However, there are mixed reactions from the medical community.   Maris Weis MD, Breast Cancer.org Founder and President, interviewed a number of organizations some disagree with the new breast cancer screening recommendations.  Many national news organizations in Weis’ interview argued that the conclusions were based on “unsound science and therefore recommendations are neither reasonable nor acceptable”.  There are still some controversies however, and this is making people very confused.  Sadly, some countries do not support mammogram younger than age f50.  Many think that breast can be done every other year.  The Canadian Cancer society recommends a clinical breast examination at least every two years for women ages 40-49.  Women aged 50-69 should also have a mammogram every two years, but younger women should discuss risk and benefits of mammogram with their doctors.  Everyone seems to have his own views on breast cancer screening, but researchers need to come up with valid recommendations to stop the spread of this debilitating disease.

         My main focus is hope for the many people who are now suffering from this disease.  And the many who will eventually suffer from breast cancer.  I hope for the next generation that researchers will find a cure for breast cancer that many will longer and lead productive lives.  I do hope scientists and engineers will come up with effective imaging methods of

These individuals detecting and evaluating abnormalities that form in the breast.  It is important for women to educate themselves particularly the younger ones, especially if there has been history of breast   in the family.  These individuals need to adhere   to rules and get tested because as the slogan rightly says “early detection is better”.  I know of women who have had a mammogram procedure done, but I would keep advising and encouraging them to have their breast tested before it is too late.  Ronda Gates M.S., a fitness expert quote. “I have many people with breast cancer in my fitness classes who are back to a 100 percent plus more, because their appreciation for life is heightened, and their lifestyle approach is enhanced and exemplary.  These people are living life better than other friends who haven’t been challenged by breast cancer”.  Women need to be educated, and helped to control many risk factors by mammogram screenings and self-examination.  With the help of legislature and research find the cause and cure for breast cancer.












Works Cited


     “Komen Responds To USPSTF Breast Health Report”

 wwkomennyc.org... Nov.30, 2009

 “Mammography Recommended Draws Strong Response” Breastcancer.org 17 Nov.2009

www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/testingnewresearch/2009 Nov.242009

    “What is Cancer”. American Cancer Society. Cancer.org 9 Sept.2009, Aug.7, 2008,

“What`s New in Breast Cancer research and Treatment?” www.cancer.org Nov.24, 2009





DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.